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Skin Treatments

Botox / Botulinum Toxin

As we grow older, the ageing process, exposure to the sun and the movements we make with our facial muscles, takes its toll and shows on our face. What shows are facial lines and wrinkles (rhytides) which mar our face and make look us much older than we really are.


Besides, many of us also have glabellar lines (scowl lines) which add years to our actual age. These lines are caused by the corrugator and procerus muscles contracting when concentrating, squinting, or frowning.


However, there is no need to despair. Facial lines wrinkles and scowl lines can be removed by cosmetic procedures which are both safe and effective. One procedure is through the use of botulinum toxin, also commonly referred to as Botox.

How Botox Works

Botox is produced by the fermentation of a type of bacteria called clostridium botulinum. The procedure involves injecting botulinum toxin to stop nerves from activating the muscles responsible for the wrinkling of the skin.

The procedure to treat frown lines involves injecting very small amounts of botox into the part of the face where frown lines occur. There is hardly any pain during the procedure. The botox weakens the treated muscles. About a week later the patient finds that he does not frown anymore, as he is unable to contract the frown muscles.


Botox combined with collagen or hyaluronic acid implants can also be used to reduce crow’s feet, sub-orbital lines, marionette lines and smoker’s lines and improve one’s appearance considerably.


Re-treatment is usually not needed for a period of three to six months. In some cases after a couple of treatments for scowl lines there may be no need for treatment for a considerable period of time as the person involved would have broken the habit of frowning or squinting.