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Skin problems


As one gets older, one’s skin is prone to wrinkle, which is a natural sign of aging. When one age, the skin becomes thin, dry, and less flexible. It makes the skin’s defensive system becomes less able, thus forming lines, creases, and wrinkles.  Our skin cannot cope fast with the different exposures of the environment. Thus, not providing sufficient moisture for our skin.

Although our skin texture is genetic, smoking and too much sun exposure can speed up aging. Repeated facial expressions such as squinting of the eyes, frowning, or smiling can lead to wrinkles and fine lines. Our skin loses flexibility as we grow older. These fine lines become permanent features on our faces.

Most Asian countries like Singapore, show few signs of wrinkles in the early 20s compared to western countries. Visible wrinkles for the majority of Asians are only shown when they get older. However, fine lines and wrinkles surrounding the eyes may be visible at an early age. 

Wrinkles can be eliminated and reduced with medications, fillers, surgeries and skin resurfacing techniques. Sometimes over-the-counter products can be used to diminish the look of fine lines. Wrinkles appear at parts of the body which are exposed to the sun such as the face, hands and the neck. There are two types of wrinkles which are fine surface lines and deep furrows.

There are several treatments that are available for wrinkles which include oral medication and cosmetic techniques which can be surgical. Vitamin A is a successful ingredient in treating aging skin and creases. However, they must be used continually to see its improvement. Alpha-hydroxy acids which contain glycolic and lactic acid too can be used to improve the fine lines and are safe to use. Certain creams have antioxidants which can provide sun protection and prevent the formation of wrinkles.

As for cosmetic procedures, there are the glycolic acid peels and deeper peels. Deeper peels have better results as they penetrate deep into the skin and smoothen out fine lines. However, there are side effects such as changes in the color pigmentation and maybe scarring. Mild sedation can relieve any discomforts and no anesthesia is required.

Microdermabrasion which utilizes silica and aluminum crystals can soften and smoothen the skin with several sessions. Dermabrasion on the other hand needs anesthesia and can result in great improvement. This surgical procedure can also cause scarring and changes in skin colour. This option may be expensive and risky to do. However, if performed well, the skin will remain composed and wrinkle-free for a long time.

Laser resurfacing is the use of lasers which can achieve precision and great satisfactory. The laser is used on the certain area to promote the production of collage synthesis to prevent sagging of the skin. This procedure should be done several times to achieve optimum results. Skin may need months to heal but it has better results than dermabrasion. There are other several laser alternatives which need less healing period but it is proven that these quick healing methods are not very effective.

Some people opt for plastic surgery such as facelifts, brow lifts and botox injections. Botox injections can freeze the muscles that produce fine lines and wrinkles and must be repeated several times to maintain it. Countries like Korea, Singapore, and Thailand can do cosmetics surgeries professionally done by trusted doctors from this country. A lot of young adults and older adults experience this in Asian countries.

Another method of injection into the skin is fillers which can diminish wrinkles. Collage is a popular filler and can last for several months but today, the more well-known fillers contain hyaluronic acid and calcium hydroxylapatite. These are more widely used now because they can last as long as six months as more.

Applying anti-aging cream, moisturizers, and sunblock lotions with a built-in sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15 can help reduce wrinkles into fine lines. Applying sunblock lotion generously every two hours is recommended. Limiting your exposure to the sun also helps prevent wrinkle formation. Every night, applying creams and moisturizers will prevent other skin conditions like acne, pimples, and whiteheads.

Cutting out unhealthy lifestyles like smoking and uneven sleeping patterns damages your skin. Eating healthy foods and sleeping early at night, regenerates your skin and will boost your skin’s condition. Maintaining a good sleeping pattern and a healthy diet will make your skin glow for a long time. 

All of these remedies will only help as much. The best way to remove those wrinkles is to have a doctor perform surgical or non-surgical operation. Patients should consult their dermatologist the available treatments and risks so that patients are well informed and prepared before undergoing the treatments.

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