Our skin is an organ which envelopes and protects our body. Any wounds, injuries and burns can cause scars to shape on the skin as it is the exterior of our bodies. Even a small gash or cut can make a difference to our skin as humans, experiencing lesions directly or indirectly is definite.
Once a scar is formed, it is natural that one tries to cover the blemish especially those that are very obvious and visible. If the scar is small and located in a closed area, clothes are the best way to hide them. Scars and marks cannot completely diminish although the size and appearance can be reduced.
Causes of Scars
The formation of scar is an instinctive way of healing when one is injured. There are several aspects that shape the scars’ traits and some of them are the depth, size, cut and position of the scars. How your skin responds to the injuries are taken into account as well such as your gender, age and ethnicity.
Scars may also come from accidents, diseases, surgeries, and skin conditions. Most wounds can result in some degree of scarring, but very minor wounds are an exception.
Formation of Scars
To understand and figure out the best treatment for scars, a clinician must first know how they were formed. Scars are formed after a wound is completely healed. When the thick layer of the skin, known as dermis, gets damaged, the body forms new collagen fibres to repair the damage, resulting to a scar. Compared to its surrounding tissue, the new scar tissue has a different texture and quality.
There various types of scar, but most scars are as flat and pale. However, scars can also appear when the body produces too much collagen. These scars are more prevalent in younger and dark-skinned people.
Moreover, when underlying structures supporting the skin, such as fat or muscle, are lost, some types of scars can appear as a hollow or sunken. Scars resulting from surgery or acne have this appearance.
When the skin stretches rapidly, especially during pregnancy, some scars appear like stretched skin. This occurs most especially when the skin is under tension as it undergoes the healing process.
Types of Scars
There are a variety of scars that are common among humans and one of them is the keloid scars (a.k.a. keloids). These scars are from insistent healing process and are extended further than the injury. Surgeries, injections that contain steroids or cryotherapy are possible methods to treat these scars. Some avoid this type of scar formation by applying pressure treatment of silicone gel pads to assist the wound.
Contracture scars happen when one’s skin is burned and the constricting of the skin can weaken one’s movements. In addition, this scar can penetrate into harming nerves and muscles of the body. Hypertrophic scars on the other hand are akin to keloid scars. They are prominent and reddish but are only within the injury spots. Steroid injections can be jabbed to lessen the swelling and soreness.
Acne scars, one of the most common scars are formed when one experiences severe acne. Acne scars have different appearances such as gaunt-shaped, wave-formed, deep pits or just a scar as itself. There are probable treatments that can suit the different types of acne scars.
These scars are formed as a result of inflammation during the infection stage of the pimple, wherein the body forms new blood vessels to supply nutrients on the affected area. This result to a purplish skin color. After the skin heals, it actively responds by forming pigments, leading to what is known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH).
Scar treatments are available now such as application creams, ointments, gels which may be prescribed or obtained over-the-counter. These products can treat scars caused from wounds, incisions and injuries. Scarring produced from cosmetic and plastic surgery will have prescriptions from their surgeons and usually these are effective. But sometimes, these creams can cause itching as they are very sensitive to the skin. Similarly, dermatologist will recommend products for severe acne scarring. Most likely, pressure treatments and silicone gel sheets are used to prevent and treat scars.
Another method to treat scars would be surgery and there are several types of surgeries such as dermabrasion, skin grafts, excision and laser surgery. One such well-known surgery is the skin graft whereby skin from other parts of the body is replaced onto the burnt and scarred area. Do bear in mind however scarring from plastic and cosmetic surgeries will fade in time and become less noticeable.
For more prominent and protruding scars, steroid injections are used as the sole treatment or in combination with other methods. Collagen injections can be helpful for deep pits scarring but there do not provide long-lasting results.
Scar Removal Treatment in Singapore
Generally, scars can have a huge impact on one’s self-esteem, especially if the scars are noticeable and leaves a serious mark on your face or on any part of your body. However, many people are unaware that recent advances in technology makes scar treatment possible.
Many clinics and dermatologists in Singapore are able to use these technologies to treat and improve severely damaged and scarred skin. For the different specialties, each clinician offers a different type of treatment as based on the assessment of patient’s needs
A: Scars cannot be completely erased, but you can lessen its appearance. One way is to minimize sun exposure for up to 6 months after an injury. You can try by covering the scar with clothing, or applying sunscreen more than two weeks after the cut.
A: Most of the time, this is a result of cosmetic issue, but from time to time, these may be due to arising medical problems. More so, these can also be identified as a type of scar, such as a Keloid Scar, or a Hypertrophic scar.
A: The best treatment to apply will depend on the type of scar that you have. In some cases, topical treatments the most effective, but laser treatments can also be helpful in other cases.