Skin rash or rashes is when the skin becomes red and inflamed. The rashes include color and texture change of the skin. It is easy to recognize rashes as they are obvious and their characteristics and symptoms are apparent.
There are several causes to the formation of rashes including age, fatigue, weather changes, stress and oily skin. However, different types of causes instigate different sorts of rashes.
Dermatitis, the simplest form of rash is caused by chemicals in products such as rubber, latex and elastic. They could also be from certain detergents, soaps and cosmetics or even dye in clothes. Some of these inflamed rashes are from poison ivy and oak trees.
Seborrheic dermatitis on the other hand is patches of red rashes that scale around the face and behind the ears. At times, these rashes may appear on the scalp of the head which is famously known as dandruff.
Atopic dermatitis also known as eczema happens to people with asthma and allergy problems and the rashes involved are red, scaly and even itchy. Psoriasis can affect the scalp, joints and fingernails and the rashes are of the same kind with those have eczema. Shingles which have the same virus as chicken pox too can have a painful blistered skin condition with rashes.
Most children have rashes due to diseases such as impetigo, measles, rubella, hand-and-mouth disease and even scarlet fever. Sometimes certain oral and topical medications can cause rash on the body while insect bites and stings too are origins for this issue as well.
Some of the simple rashes can be treated with mild skin care or by steering clear of irritating substances. Other general rules are to avoid scrubbing the skin, avoid cosmetic on the rash, using warm water to clean the rash and exposed the affected area to air. There are some medicated lotion and ointment and gentle cleansers that can be used to treat certain type of rashes.
Hydrocortisone cream which is available over the counter can soothe rashes, while some moisturizers can treat eczema problems. Some drugstores sell certain bath products such as oatmeal to ease symptoms of shingles, psoriasis and eczema. For some cases, after determining the cause of the rash, antibacterial cream and oral antibiotic can be prescribed.
For psoriasis, there is the ultraviolet light therapy treatment available which needs medical care. And as for seborrheic dermatitis, some anti-dandruff shampoo can combat the patches of rashes on the skin. However, the ingredients to the products must be scrutinized in order not to get more rashes. The simplest way is to test some of the product on a patch of skin and see its response to the product before using it on all the rashes.
One should not underestimate rashes as a minor skin condition but should take notice of any changes in the rash or if it gives discomfort. Some of the symptoms that one should be aware of are short of breaths, swelling, rashes that are purple, fever, sore throat and joint pain. When any of these symptoms crop up whether singularly or in combination, one should head to see the doctor for a physical examination.
General questions will be asked to understand the situation better and to determine the treatments of the rashes. Such questions include when and where did the rash appear or if there is any of suspected products that instigate the rashes. Doctors may run allergy test and blood test to conclude the underlying medical problem. Skin biopsy and skin scrapings too can be done to ascertain the rash to decide on the best treatment.
Some steps to prevent rash is to avoid irritated substances in products and to be hygienic to prevent the spread of virus. In addition, one can take relaxation methods such as yoga, tai chi and meditation because stress can worsen rashes.