Dark circles (also known as dark eye circles, dark eye rings, eyebags and raccoon attack) are the dark blemishes that appear under the eye caused by lack of sleep or it could be hereditary and just merely bruising. However, dark circles make one appear stressed, unwell, glum, exhausted, and older.
Causes of Dark Eye Circles
Dark eye circles happen when the tiny red blood cells around the eyes sometimes go astray to the nearby skin. Our body has a system to deal with this whereby our enzymes will break down the red blood cells, including the hemoglobin. The left-over elements will then turn into a bluish and blackish color which looks like a bruise. This then lead to the eye bags which are in fact instigated by capillaries.
Dark eye circles are in fact blood vessels that are visible, as the skin surrounding the eyes is the thinnest skin in the body. Moreover, numerous factors contribute to dark circles, which includes:
Individuals Prone to Acquiring Dark Circles
People with fairer skin complexions tend to show more prominent dark eye rings. Pregnant and menstruating women also experience paler skin and they are more likely to get eyes bags than others.
Although dark eye circles can affect anyone, they are more common in the elderly and those who have a genetic predisposition to this condition, such as periorbital hyperpigmentation.
Home Remedies for Dark Eye Circles
There are various options to treat dark eye circles – from home remedies to commercial skin care products and clinical treatments by a dermatologist. Home remedies are not as effective as over-the-counter creams, and although cheaper, one should not expect wonderful results. To have an idea on which creams are effective, some of the best creams are featured in an article by New York.
One easy and free DIY method is to simply massage the area around the eyes before sleeping. This works best with a mixture of vitamin E and almond oil every night. Additionally, using extra pillows under your head to lessen the fluid pooling in your lower eyelids. Another famous natural healing remedy is to use cucumber.
A cold compress will also be helpful to cause your blood vessels to constrict, resulting in less dark circles. Moisturisers might also be helpful as they contain caffeine, vitamin E, retinol, aloe, and hyaluronic acid.
Clinical Dark Eye Circle Treatment
In Singapore, various clinics offer the best treatments for dark circles, which may both involve surgical and non-surgical means for removing eye bags. Furthermore, you may look into these guidelines to determine the best options provided in Singapore.
As for clinical treatments, there is laser surgery, face lifts, derma fillers and dermabrasion. Other than that, chemical peels are also used to lessen pigmentation under the eyes, which includes glycolic acid, hydroquinone, retinoic acid, and glycolic acid.
A type of surgery known as blepharoplasty can also help eliminate dark circles from fat deposits or extra skin around the eye area.