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What to Expect Before, During and After Lasik Surgery

There are many things to expect before, during, and after surgery. These expectations differ greatly from doctor to doctor, patient to patient, and surgery to surgery. Before undergoing one, it is best to know what happens every step of the way in order to guarantee yourself that everything is going to be alright while you are going under the knife. The same is particularly true if you have decided to get Lasik eye surgery in Singapore.


Before Eye Surgery


Before the eye surgery, your doctor will properly evaluate you to determine if you are a suitable candidate for the procedure. You will give him your complete medical history and the present condition of your eyes. If you are wearing contact lenses, it is important to remove those two weeks before undergoing the examination in order to prevent giving your doctor the wrong measurements of your cornea. Also, if you are like to wear makeup, you will be asked by your doctor to stop doing so to prevent loose particles getting into your eyes.



During Lasik Eye Surgery


You will be asked to sit on a reclining chair that contains the laser system. After doing so, you will be given a numbing eye drop, then your eyes will be cleaned and will be kept open using an instrument called eye speculum. After that, the doctor will cut a flap in your retina using microkeratome blades. These blades are only supposed to be used once and it will be thrown away after.  The laser will then be positioned in front of your eyes and you will be asked to stare at a red dot to prevent your eyes from moving. When your eye is in perfect position, the doctor will now start the laser that will vaporize the tissue in your cornea. The laser coming out if the machine is controlled using the measurements taken during your initial evaluation. After this, the flap will then be returned into its original position. The whole procedure normally takes only 30 to 40 minutes.


After Eye Surgery


You will experience some mild pain and discomfort after your eye surgery. For this, your doctor will give you pain reliever to help you manage the pain. You will then be asked to cover your eyes to prevent dirt and other free radicals in the air from getting into your eyes and causing infection. Also, the cover will help you prevent yourself from scratching your eyes unintentionally.


Now that you know what happens before, during, and after the eye surgery, you can now properly prepare for your eye surgery and enjoy your clearer and better vision.

Cataract: Here’s Everything You Need To Know


As the adage goes, the eyes are the gateways to the soul. They also let people see the wonders of the world. Unfortunately, they are also prone to health conditions that may leave you with blurred vision, or worse, blind.


One of the most common eye conditions people suffer from is cataract. According to the National Eye Institute, the risk of having cataract increases with each decade of life. This starts at around 40 years old and half of Americans are projected to have cataract by the age of 75.


In Singapore, an estimated 78.6 percent of elderly patients suffer from cataracts. As people grow older, the incidence of cataract also increases. For instance, cataract affects about 63.6 percent of people aged 60 to 64 years old. However, by 75 years old, it increases to 94.6 percent, as reported by the National University Hospital, Singapore.


What Is A Cataract?


A cataract is characterized by the clouding of the normally clear lens of the eyes. For those suffering from this eye condition, they can see through the cloudy lenses and they define it like looking through a fogged-up window.


What Are The Lenses?


The lens is a clear part of the eye that works by focusing light or even an image on the retina. As the lens is elastic, it has the ability to change its shape like getting bigger to focus nearby objects and thinner for distant objects.


The lens should be transparent so that light can easily pass through it. In cataract, the lens become cloudy, impeding the flow of light.


What Are The Causes Of Cataract?


There are many causes of cataract formation. One of the major causes of cataract is aging. As people grow older, they become more predisposed in developing this eye condition. Diabetes may also lead to cataract development. Other causes include eye injury, genetics, radiation, smoking, drinking, glaucoma, eye inflammation and infection.


How Is It Treated?


When a person develops cataract, he or she should visit an eye centre for thorough examination. In the early stages of the disease, there are many precautionary measures to do in order to curb its progression. These include wearing better eyeglasses, using magnifying lenses, protecting the eyes with sunglasses and providing better lighting.


However, in the late stages, the cataract needs to be removed through eye surgery. This is recommended if the blurred vision hinders common activities like walking, reading or watching TV.


A surgery is done by an eye care professional in the hospital. For those individuals who have cataracts on both eyes, the surgery is done on one eye before the other.


Vision is an important part of life as it is needed in most activities. Cataracts can be prevented but if they’re inevitable, consulting an eye doctor every now and then is important. They will help you protect your eyes and avoid activities that may make the condition worse.

Basic Eye Care Tips for Better Eye Health


It can be easy to neglect eye health. However, there are many ways to keep eyes functioning properly for years. A few basic guidelines listed below have been listed to assist people in this effort.


Regular Dilated Eye Exams

Just as individuals go to the doctor every year for a check-up, the eyes need this type of attention. People with good vision never consider that a forming condition will soon compromise eyes. Getting a visit in with a professional eyecare provider for a dilated eye exam is the only way to ensure that good vision stays that way. In addition, common eye diseases such as glaucoma and other age-related macular degeneration come on with no warning signs. A qualified eye doctor can identify these conditions. These exams are usually quick, barring wait times. An eye doctor will place drops in eyes to widen the eyes, allowing the pupil to absorb more light. This allows a doctor to see what is going on within the eye. This includes the back of the eye, examining them for signs disease or damage. The Eye Centre in Singapore will likely be able to provide this type of eye care to anyone.


Diet and Family History

Eye health family history will provide clues regarding the likelihood of a developing disease or condition. If anyone has been diagnosed with an eye disease or condition, it is possible that this will be hereditary, and putting an individual at high risk of contracting the same condition. Health is often hereditary, but can be changed through diet. Certain foods are excellent for eye health: carrots are good for eyes, but getting a balanced diet in that contains and even mix of fruits and vegetables, dark leafy greens is essential to eye health as well. Recent research has also shown there are eye health benefits from eating foods with omega-3 fatty acids, often found in various kinds of fish. This will also promote a health weight. Those who are overweight
only increase their risk of developing conditions that will affect their long term eye health. Diabetic conditions, for example, often result in poor vision or even loss of eyesight.



This seems intuitive, but a surprisingly large amount of people do not opt to wear protective eyewear while engaging in activities that put eyes at risk. Playing sports, doing home projects with dangerous tools, are both examples of situations in which protective eyewear should be used to prevent damage to eyes. Safety glasses and goggles are specially designed to prevent this type of damage to eyes. Keeping this type of eyewear around the house will make it more likely for individuals to use them in protecting their eyes. Get in touch with a professional eye doctor, especially from Singapore regarding special eye care may allow better assessment of eyewear equipment needs.

In addition to this very basic eye health tips, it is also important to assess one’s life individually. Other activities such as smoking, recreational drug use, and exposure to toxic environments (science professions, construction zones, etc.) can all put eyes at risk. It is important to take care of eyes before they degenerate in older years.